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Schäfer, Saskia: Democratic Decline in Indonesia: The Role of Religious Authorities




In April 2019, the General Chairman of the Council of Indonesian Islamic Scholars was elected as Indonesia's new vice president. This article offers an analysis of the rise of the Council and argues that it has contributed to Indonesia’s democratic stagnation and decline in two ways: by undermining the authority of elected state representatives through its anti-pluralist stance and its epistocratic claims, and by imperiling the fragile but functioning balance of religion and the state through its undermining of the long-established religious civil society organizations.


Schäfer, Saskia: "Democratic Decline in Indonesia: The Role of Religious Authorities". Pacific Affairs, Volume 92, Issue 2, 235-255 (2019). DOI:10.5509/2019922235

Find the article on the journal's website.