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Jonas Müller-Laackman

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Qaṣāʾid al-Muʿtaqilīn - An Arabic branch of concentration camp literature

 

Qaṣāʾid al-Muʿtaqilīn - An Arabic branch of concentration camp literature

With the Fascist turn in Italy in 1922, colonial policy was adjusted according to the new Fascist narratives and shifted from a pragmatic approach of collaboration and tribal autonomy to an aggressive blood and soil policy. Being confronted with an uprising resistance in the eastern region of al-Barqa, the Fascist administration established concentration camps along the shore to detain the nomadic and semi-nomadic civil population and thus destroy the social and material basis of the resistance. Death marches, mass executions, forced labour and catastrophic conditions in the camps resulted in the perishing of huge parts of the population, a genocidal policy, approved by the administration, but yet unknown to many. Even less known are the numerous sources from these camps. Many internees transmitted their memories in poems and Ġinnawāt. These sources offer an important insight to ways of expressing experiences of the Italian camps in a literary form.

First Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Beatrice Gründler