Fourth session of the lecture series
organised by the Institute for Asian and African Studies (IAAW), the Berlin Graduate School Muslim Cultures and Societies (BGSMCS) and Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO)
The nineteenth-century revolutions in mobility that transformed the pilgrimage to Mecca had a profound impact on the late Ottoman Empire and its relations with Muslims from beyond its borders. The sultan-caliph’s obligations toward pilgrims—particularly those who were not his subjects—led to understudied imperial dilemmas, particularly in the arena of citizenship reform and protection. This talk will consider how being a Muslim power, rather than ruling Muslim colonial subjects, differentiated the Ottomans from European empires who became patrons of the hajj in the nineteenth century. It will also explore the impact of simultaneous processes of exclusion and inclusion on foreign Muslims (with a focus on Central Asians) and show how the roads to Mecca could lead, sometimes quite circuitously, to Ottoman citizenship.
Bio note: Lale Can is an assistant professor of history at The City College of New York, CUNY. She specializes in Ottoman history and is currently completing her book manuscript, provisionally titled Spiritual Citizens: Central Asian Pilgrims in the Late Ottoman Empire.
During the age of empire, the majority of pilgrims who travelled to and from Mecca to perform the Hajj came from territories under the control of empires, especially European empires. This particular movement of colonized subjects triggered a variety of interactions with colonial states. Focusing on the British Empire, which ruled the largest number of Muslims during the colonial period, this talk will argue that the Hajj experience was shaped by imperial policies and practices in a number of ways, and that this was a two-way process: the Hajj in imperial space and time also shaped imperial policies, bureaucracies and discourses.
Bio note: John Slight is a Research Fellow in History at St. John's College, University of Cambridge. His first book, The British Empire and the Hajj, 1865-1956, was published by Harvard University Press in September 2015.
Katrin Bromber (ZMO)
30.03.2017 | 18:00 - 20:00
Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO)